Philosophers' Carnival LXXVII
Welcome to Philosophers' Carnival LXXVII at blog.kennypearce.net! The Philosophers' Carnival is a fortnightly roundup of the best blog posts related to academic philosophy. Following the procedure I used for Carnival XXXI, I will divide the posts according to the three major traditional divisions of philosophy: metaphysics, epistemology, and value theory. (Actually in Carnival XXXI I used "ethics" rather than "value theory", but "value theory" is a broader term.) In order to accommodate a variety of posts, I have construed each category rather broadly.
- Noah Greenstein presents "Consciousness Dilemma, Take 2," which discusses a regress problem for certain accounts of consciousness - that is, how can one be conscious of consciousness? Briefly, I would answer that there are at least some cases in which being conscious of something requires having a mental representation of that thing, rather than requiring that your consciousness contain that thing. But perhaps not all theories of consciousness can allow this...
- Paul Gowder of Uncommon Priors defends David Lewis's counterfactual theory of causation from an objection by constructing a slightly more sophisticated account of counterfactuals. I would refer readers also to the account of counterfactuals in Tim Maudlin's recent book, The Metaphysics Within Physics which, I think, is a significant improvement over Lewis.
- David Gawthorne of Intentional Objects presents "Complaint Against Sartre's Account of Intentionality," which also provides an introductory description of Sartre's understanding of consciousness.
- Michael Sigrist presents "The Real Hard Problem" at The Ends of Thought. This post provides an introduction to Chalmer's "hard problem" - the problem of phenomenal properties and their relationship to psychological properties - and registers an objection to Chalmer's claim that the connection is merely contingent.
- My own contribution, "Berkeley and Ordinary Objects," comes not actually from this blog but from the newly created Houyhnhnm Land Guest Blog. I won't bother commentating my own blog post (except to say that it is about the metaphysics of so-called 'ordinary' objects according to George Berkeley), so let me instead use this space to tell you that Houyhnhnm Land is a new resource for scholars of early modern thought developed by Brandon Watson.
- Value Theory
- Ashok of Rethink discusses Socrates' understanding of justice and the state through the lens of Xenophon's Memorabilia.
- Carnival founder Richard Chappell of Philosophy, Etc. presents Spontaneous Abortions and False Beliefs, in which he considers a possible response to the claim that the frequency of spontaneous abortion leads to absurdities for the pro-life view. By way of a brief response, I would ask: is it ever morally justified to attempt to bring about a happening which is "intrinsically bad," even if only "insignificantly" so? I'm not convinced that it is.
That's all for now! The next carnival will be hosted at Practical Ethics on September 22.
Posted by Kenny at September 8, 2008 11:35 PM